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  Chapter 1
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  Chapter 3
  Chapter 4
  Chapter 5
  Chapter 6
  Chapter 7
  Chapter 8
  Chapter 9
  Chapter 10
  Chapter 11
  Chapter 12
CCVLC Teachers/ Paolo Freire Posters
Digging Deeper: Chapter 1
The United States Schooling Dilemma: Diversity, Inequality, and Democratic Values

Further Reading

  • Jean Anyon is professor of Urban Education at New York University. She has published articles, books, and book chapters on the confluence of social class, race, and education, particularly in urban contexts. Her books, Ghetto Schooling: A Political Economy of Urban Educational Reform and, more recently, Radical Possibilities: Public Policy, Urban Education, and a New Social Movement, are widely used and cited.
  • Arizona State University professor emeritus David Berliner and his colleague Bruce Biddle at the University of Missouri provide detailed analyses of the evidence underlying current criticism of public schools. In their book The Manufactured Crisis: Myths, Fraud, and the Attack on America’s Public Schools (New York: Addison-Wesley, 1995), they also provide evidence that, despite the barrage of criticism in the past two decades, U.S. schools have actually improved.
  • UCLA Professor Gary Orfield has authored a number of books on civil rights issues, segregation and education. One of Orfield’s recent books, co-authored with Erica Frankenburg, is Lessons In Integration: Realizing the Promise of Racial Diversity in America's Public Schools (Richmond, VA: University of Virginia Press, 2007).
  • For decades, author and educator Jonathan Kozol has written rich, narrative accounts of educational inequity, particularly as it impacts youth of color in urban schools. His books, Death at an Early Age, Savage Inequalities: Children in America’s Schools, and The Shame of the Nation: The Restoration of Apartheid Schooling in America, are among the most widely read and best-selling texts on public education.
  • Sociologists Walter R. Allen and Daniel Solorzano, professors of education at UCLA, study African American and Latino students’ access to and participation in higher education. Their CHOICES Project examines these students’ experiences moving through K-12 schooling into higher education, graduate and professional school, and careers. The project’s website provides useful information about college access, equity, and opportunity.

Websites to Explore

  • The Kappan, a monthly journal published by Phi Delta Kappa, an educational association, provides short readable articles on current education issues.
  • Education Week, American education’s newspaper of record, is published by the Editorial Projects in Education, a nonprofit organization based in Washington, D.C. The goal of Education Week is to help raise the level of awareness and understanding among professionals and the public of important issues in American education. It covers local, state, and national news and issues from preschool through the twelfth grade.
  • The Public Education Network (PEN) is a nonprofit organization with the mission of building public demand and mobilizing resources for quality public education for all children through a national constituency of local education funds and individuals. PEN provides access to downloadable tools and publications about education policy and law on its website at http://www.publiceducation.org/index.asp. PEN’s NewsBlast is the group’s weekly national education policy news service. You can subscribe at www.publiceducation.org/subscribe.asp.

Organizations that Provide Information about Diversity, Inequality and Schooling

  • The Civil Rights Project/Proyecto Derechos Civiles at UCLA, co-directed by Patricia Gándara and Gary Orfield, is a leading organization devoted to civil rights research. It has commissioned over 400 studies on a range of civil rights issues. The project’s website has many excellent downloadable reports on education policy and law.
  • The Urban Institute is a research organization that focuses on a wide range of domestic policy topics, including demographics and education. Numerous, accessible publications and reports are available on their website.
  • Childstats.gov is a government website assembled by the Federal Intra-agency Forum on Child and Family Statistics, a working group of federal agencies and private research organizations that collect, analyze, and report data on issues related to children and families.  The Forum’s annual report, America’s Children: Key National Indicators of Well-Being, details the status of children and families in the United States.
  • Educational Trust is an educational advocacy organization in Washington D.C. with a second branch in California (EdTrust West).  The Trust assembles a wide range of data about education.  Among the useful resources on the organization’s website is Education Watch Online, a user-friendly, searchable database that features state and national data showing student achievement and opportunity patterns, kindergarten through college, by race, ethnicity and family income.
  • Inequality.org is a project of Demos, a New York City-based online resource “for journalists, activists, scholars and policymakers seeking information on the connection between rising economic inequality, on the one hand, and eroding opportunity and democracy, on the other.” Demos offers analyses and reports that illuminate the causes and consequences of widening wealth, income, power and opportunity gaps in the U.S.
  • The Lewis Mumford Center for Comparative Urban and Regional Research at the State University of New York, Albany () compiles data and produces reports on the implications of changing demographics for American society. The Mumford Center also has an initiative tracking the status and experiences of children in newcomer families, especially those growing up in families from Latin America and Asia.
  • The National Center for Educational Statistics at the U.S. Department of Education is the primary federal agency charged with collecting and analyzing data about education in the U.S.  Five recent reports provide the most up-to-date official analyses of school-related data: Conditions of Education, 2012; Digest of Education Statistics, 2011; High School Dropout and Completion Rates in the United States, 2010; Indicators of School Crime and Safety, 2011; Projections of Education Statistics to 2013.  All are downloadable from the Center’s website.

Resources for Teaching

  • Although not designed specifically for educators, online interactive tools that chart neighborhoods’ demographics (e.g., racial composition, income levels, etc.) using census data might be of interest. Mapping America: Every City, Every Block is one site that can be used for your own information about your school’s community. Social-justice focused lessons could also be designed using these maps as focal points.
  • The Teaching Diverse Students Initiative is a professional development resource designed to help teachers improve the quality of instruction for diverse learners in their classrooms. One of the many tools and resources on the website is “The Common Beliefs Survey” which identifies commonly held beliefs about teaching and learning that may affect your students.
  • Fourth R is published semiannually by the Human Rights Education program (HRE) of Amnesty International USA (AIUSA).  HRE facilitates the teaching of human rights by supporting teachers of kindergarten through college as well as educators working in non-formal settings.  Fourth R provides teachers with information and instructional materials to engage their students in studying topics related to students’ educational rights.
  • The National Center for Education Statistics includes on its site a “Student’s Classroom” page that provides statistical information about schools, colleges, and public libraries in an easily searchable format.  It allows students (and teachers) to play games, take quizzes, and build skills about math, probability, graphing, and mathematicians.
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